Complex discrete MES is unlike any other. There is no substitute for the domain knowledge that is provided by the complexity of the products engineered for an MES of this type. This comparison becomes quickly apparent for many.
The report indicates that, "The aerospace and defense (A&D) industry is, from a manufacturing perspective, unlike any other vertical. The end products of A&D resemble automotive, aircraft, watercraft, weaponry and others, and can involve process and discrete manufacturing styles in the production of these end products."